1000 Names of Sri Vishnu (Shlokas 21-40)
marīcirdamanō haṁsaḥ suparṇō bhujagōttamaḥ |
hiraṇyanābhaḥ sutapāḥ padmanābhaḥ prajāpati: || 21 ||
- Marīciḥ: The supreme power and impressiveness seen in persons endowed with such qualities.
- Damanaḥ: One who in the form of Yama inflicts punishments on those who tread the path of unrighteousness.
- Haṁsaḥ: One who removes the fear of Samsara from those who practise the sense of identity with Him.
- Suparṇaḥ: One who has two wings in the shape of Dharma and Adharma.
- Bhujagottamaḥ: One who is the greatest among those who move on Bhujas or arms, that is, serpents. The great serpents like Ananta and Vasuki are the powers of Vishnu, so he has come to have this name.
- Hiraṇyanābhaḥ: From whose golden navel arose the lord of creation Brahmā.
- Sutapāḥ: One who performs rigorous austerities at Badarikashrama as Nara and Narayana.
- Padmanābhaḥ: One whose navel is beautifully shaped like lotus.
- Prajāpatiḥ: The father of all beings, who are His children.
amṛtyuḥ sarvadṛk siṁhaḥ sandhātā sandhimān sthiraḥ |
ajō durmarṣaṇaḥ śāstā viśrutātmā surārihā || 22 ||
- Amṛtyuḥ: One who is without death or its cause.
- Sarvadṛk: One who sees the Karmas of all Jivas through His inherent wisdom.
- Simhaḥ: One who does Himsa or destruction.
- Sandhātā: One who unites the Jivas with the fruits of their actions.
- Sandhimān: One who is Himself the enjoyer of the fruits of actions.
- Sthiraḥ: One who is always of the same nature.
- Ajaḥ: The root 'Aj' has got as meanings both 'go' and 'throw'. So the name means One who goes into the hearts of devotees or One who throws the evil Asuras to a distance, i.e. destroys them.
- Durmarṣaṇaḥ: One whose might the Asuras cannot bear.
- Śasta: One who instructs and directs all through the scriptures.
- Vishrutatma: One who is specially known through signifying terms like Truth, Knowledge, etc.
- Surārihā: One who destroys the enemies of Suras or Devas.
gururgurutamō dhāmaḥ satyaḥ satyaparākramaḥ |
nimiṣō nimiṣaḥ sragvī vācaspatirudāradhīḥ || 23 ||
- Guruḥ: The greatest teacher.
- Gurutamaḥ: One who is the teacher of all forms of knowledge.
- Dhāma: The Supreme Light.
- Satyaḥ: One who is embodied as virtue of truth specially.
- Satyaparākamaḥ: One of unfailing valour.
- Nimiṣaḥ: One whose eye-lids are closed in Yoga-nidra.
- Animiṣaḥ: One who is ever awake.
- Sragvī: One who has on Him the necklace called Vaijayanti, which is strung with the subtle aspects of the five elements.
- Vācaspatir-udāradhīḥ: Being the master of Vak or word i.e. knowledge, He is called so. As his intellect perceives everything, He is Udaradhih. Both these epithets together constitute one name.
agraṇīrgrāmaṇīḥ śrīmān nyāyō netā samīraṇaḥ |
sahasramūrdhā viśvātmā sahasrākṣaḥ sahasrapāt || 24 ||
- Agraṇīḥ: One who leads all liberation-seekers to the highest status.
- Grāmaṇīḥ: One who has the command over Bhutagrama or the collectivity of all beings.
- Śrīmān: One more resplendent than everything.
- Nyāyaḥ: The consistency which runs through all ways of knowing and which leads one to the truth of Non-duality.
- Netā: One who moves this world of becoming.
- Samīraṇaḥ: One who in the form of breath keeps all living beings functioning.
- Sahasramūrdhā: One with a thousand, i.e. innumerable, heads.
- Viśvātmā: The soul of the universe.
- Sahasrākṣaḥ: One with a thousand or innumerable eyes.
- Sahasrapāt: One with a thousand, i.e. innumerable legs.
āvartanō nivṛttātmā saṁvṛtaḥ saṁpramardanaḥ |
ahaḥ saṁvartakō vahniranilō dharaṇīdharaḥ || 25 ||
- Āvrtanaḥ: One who whirls round and round the Samsara-chakra, the wheel of Samsara or worldy existence.
- Nivṛttātmā: One whose being is free or untouched by the bondage of Samsara.
- Saṁvṛtaḥ: One who is covered by all-covering Avidya or ignorance.
- Sampramardanaḥ: One who delivers destructive blows on all beings through His Vibhutis (power manifestation like Rudra, Yama etc.).
- Ahaḥ-saṁvartakaḥ: The Lord who, as the sun, regulates the succession of day and night.
- Vahniḥ: One who as fire carries the offerings made to the Devas in sacrifices.
- Anilaḥ: One who has no fixed residence.
- Dharaṇī-dharaḥ: One who supports the worlds, Adisesha, elephants of the quarters, etc.
suprasādaḥ prasannātmā viśvadhṛgviśvabhugvibhuḥ |
satkartā satkṛtaḥ sādhurjahnurnārāyaṇō naraḥ || 26 ||
- Suprasādaḥ: One whose Prasada or mercy is uniquely wonderful, because He gives salvation to Sisupala and others who try to harm Him.
- Prasannātmā: One whose mind is never contaminated by Rajas or Tamas.
- Viśvadhṛg: One who holds the universe by his power.
- Viśvabhug: One who eats up or enjoys or protects the worlds.
- Vibhuḥ: One who takes various forms
- Satkartā: One who offers benefits.
- Satkṛtaḥ: One who is adored even by those who deserve adoration.
- Sādhuḥ: One who acts according to justice.
- Jahnuḥ: One who dissolves all beings in oneself at the time of dissolution.
- Nārāyaṇaḥ: Nara means Atman. Narayana, that is, one having His residence in all beings.
- Naraḥ: He directs everything, the eternal Paramatma is called Nara.
asaṅkhyeyō prameyātmā viśiṣṭaḥ śiṣṭakṛcchuciḥ |
siddhārthaḥ siddhasaṅkalpaḥ siddhidaḥ siddhisādhanaḥ || 27 ||
- Asaṅkhyeyaḥ: One who has no Sankhya or differences of name and form.
- Aprameyātmā: One whose nature cannot be grasped by any of the means of knowledge.
- Viśiṣṭaḥ: One who excels everything.
- Śiṣṭakṛt: One who commands everything. Or one who protects shishtas or good men.
- Suciḥ: Pure
- Siddhārthaḥ: One whose object is always fulfilled.
- Siddhasaṅkalpaḥ: One whose resolutions are always fulfilled.
- Siddhidaḥ: One who bestows Siddhi or fulfillment on all who practise disciplines, in accordance with their eligibility.
- Siddhisādhanaḥ: One who brings fulfillment to works that deserve the same.
vṛṣāhī vṛṣabhō viṣṇurvṛṣaparvā vṛṣōdaraḥ |
vardhanō vardhamānaśca viviktaḥ śrutisāgaraḥ || 28 ||
- Vṛṣāhī: Vrusha means dharma or merit.
- Vṛṣābhaḥ: One who showers on the devotees all that they pray for.
- Viṣṇuḥ: One who pervades everything.
- Vṛṣaparva: One who has given as steps (Parvas), observances of the nature of Dharma, to those who want to attain the supreme state.
- Vṛṣodaraḥ: One whose abdomen showers offspring.
- Vardhanaḥ: One who increases the ecstasy of His devotees
- Vardhamānaḥ: One who multiplies in the form of the universe.
- Viviktaḥ: One who is untouched and unaffected.
- Śrutisāgaraḥ: One to whom all the shruti or Vedic words and sentences flow.
subhujō durdharō vāgmī mahendrō vasudō vasuḥ |
naikarūpō bṛhadrūpaḥ śipiviṣṭaḥ prakāśanaḥ || 29 ||
- Subhujaḥ: One possessing excellent arms that protect the worlds.
- Durdharaḥ: One who holds up the universe – a work which none else can do.
- Vāgmi: One from whom the words constituting the Veda come out.
- Mahendraḥ: The great Lord, that is, the Supreme Being, who is the God of all gods.
- Vasudaḥ: One who bestows riches.
- Vasuḥ: One who is himself the Vasu.
- Naikarūpaḥ: One who is without an exclusive form.
- Bṛhadrūpaḥ: One who has adopted mysterious forms like that of a Boar.
- Śipiviṣṭaḥ: Shipi means cow. One who resides in cows as Yajna.
- Prakāśanaḥ: One who illumines everthing.
ōjastejōdyutidharaḥ prakāśātmā pratāpanaḥ |
ṛddhaḥ spaṣṭākṣarō mantraścandrāṁśurbhāskaradyutiḥ || 30 ||
- Ōjas-tejō-dyuti-dharaḥ: One who is endowed with strength, vigour and brilliance.
- Prakāśātmā: One whose form is radiant.
- Pratāpanaḥ: One who warms the world through the power manifestations like the Sun.
- Ṛddhaḥ: One who is rich in excellences like Dharma, Gyana (knowledge), Vairagya (renunciation) etc.
- Spaṣṭākṣaraḥ: He is so called because Omkara, the manifesting sound of the Lord, is Spashta or high pitched.
- Mantraḥ: One who manifests as the Mantras of the Rk, Sama, Yajus etc., or one who is known through Mantras.
- Candrāṁśuḥ: He is called 'Chandramshu' or moonlight because just as the moon-light gives relief to men burnt in the heat of the sun, He gives relief and shelter to those who are subjected to the heat of Samsara.
- Bhāskara-dyutiḥ: He who has the effulgence of the sun.
amṛtāṁśūdbhavō bhānuḥ śaśabinduḥ sureśvaraḥ |
auṣadhaṁ jagataḥ setuḥ satyadharmaparākramaḥ || 31 ||
- Amṛtāṁśūdbhavaḥ: The Paramatman from whom Amrutamshu or the Moon originated at the time of the churning of the Milk-ocean.
- Bhānuḥ: One who shines.
- Śaśabinduḥ: The word means one who has the mark of the hare, that is the Moon.
- Sureśvaraḥ: One who is the Lord of all Devas and those who do good.
- Auṣadham: One who is the Aushadha or medicine for the great disease of Samsara.
- Jagataḥ setuḥ: One who is the aid to go across the ocean of Samsara.
- Satya-dharma-parākramaḥ: One whose excellences like righteousness, omniscience, puissance, etc. are all true.
bhūtabhavyabhavannāthaḥ pavanaḥ pāvanōnalaḥ |
kāmahā kāmakṛt kāmtaḥ kānaḥ kāmapradaḥ prabhuḥ || 32 ||
- Bhūta-bhavya-bhavan-nāthaḥ: One who is the master for all the beings of the past, future and present.
- Pavanaḥ: One who is the purifier.
- Pāvanaḥ: One who causes movement.
- Analaḥ: The Jivatma is called Anala because it recognizes Ana or Prana as Himself.
- Kāmahā: One who destroys the desire-nature in seekers after liberation.
- Kāmakṛt: One who fulfils the wants of pure minded devotees.
- Kantaḥ: One who is extremely beautiful.
- Kāmaḥ: One who is sought after by those who desire to attain the four supreme values of life.
- Kāmapradaḥ: One who liberally fulfils the desires of devotees.
- Prabhuḥ: One who surpasses all.
yugādikṛdyugāvartō naikamāyō mahāśanaḥ |
adṛśyō vyaktarūpaśca sahasrajidanantajit || 33 ||
- Yugādikṛd: One who is the cause of periods of time like Yuga.
- Yugāvartaḥ: One who as time causes the repetition of the four Yugas beginning with Satya Yuga.
- Naikamāyaḥ: One who can assume numerous forms of Maya, not one only.
- Mahāśanaḥ: One who consumes everything at the end of a Kalpa.
- Adṛśyaḥ: One who cannot be grasped by any of the five organs of knowledge.
- Vyaktarūpaḥ: He is so called because His gross form as universe can be clearly perceived.
- Sahasrajit: One who is victorious over innumerable enemies of the Devas in battle.
- Anantajit: One who, being endowed with all powers, is victorious at all times over everything.
iṣṭō’viśiṣṭaḥ śiṣṭeṣṭaḥ śikhaṇḍī nahuṣō vṛṣaḥ |
krōdhahā krōdhakṛtkartā viśvabāhurmahīdharaḥ || 34 ||
- Iṣṭaḥ: One who is dear to all because He is of the nature of supreme Bliss.
- Aviśiṣṭaḥ: One who resides within all.
- Śiṣṭeṣṭaḥ: One who is dear to shishta or Knowing Ones.
- Śikhaṇḍī: Sikhanda means feather of a peacock. One who used it as a decoration for His crown when he adopted the form of a cowherd (Gopa).
- Nahuṣaḥ: One who binds all beings by Maya the root 'nah' means bondage.
- Vṛṣaḥ: One who is of the form of Dharma.
- Krōdhahā: One who eradicates anger in virtuous people.
- Krōdhakṛt-kartā: One who generates Krodha or anger in evil people.
- Viśvabāhuḥ: One who is the support of all or one who has got all beings as His arms.
- Mahīdharaḥ: Mahi means both earth and worship. So the name means one who supports the earth or receives all forms of worship.
acyutaḥ prathitaḥ prāṇaḥ prāṇadō vāsavānujaḥ |
apāṁnidhiradhiṣṭhānamapramattaḥ pratiṣṭhitaḥ || 35 ||
- Acyutaḥ: One who is without the six transformations beginning with birth.
- Prathitaḥ: One who is famous because of His works like creation of the worlds etc.
- Prāṇaḥ: One who as Hiranyagarbha endows all beings with Prana.
- Prāṇadaḥ: One who bestows Prana, that is, strength, on Devas and Asuras and also destroys them by withdrawing it.
- Vāsavānujaḥ: One who was born as younger brother of Indra (Vasava) in His incarnation as Vamana.
- Apāṁ nidhiḥ: The word means collectivity of water or the ocean.
- Adhiṣṭhānam: The seat or support for everything.
- Apramattaḥ: One who is always vigilant in awarding the fruits of actions to those who are entiled to them.
- Pratiṣṭhitaḥ: One who is supported and established in His own greatness.
skandaḥ skandadharō dhuryō varadō vāyuvāhanaḥ |
vāsudevō bṛhadbhānurādidevaḥ purandaraḥ || 36 ||
- Skandaḥ: One who drives everything as air.
- Skanda-dharaḥ: One who supports Skanda or the righteous path.
- Dhuryaḥ: One who bears the weight of the burden of all beings in the form of birth etc.
- Varadaḥ: One who gives boons.
- Vāyuvāhanaḥ: One who vibrates the seven Vayus or atmospheres beginning with Avaha.
- Vāsudevaḥ: One who is both Vasu and Deva.
- Bṛhadbhānuḥ: The great brilliance.
- Ādidevaḥ: The Divinity who is the source of all Devas.
- Purandaraḥ: One who destroys the cities of the enemies of Devas.
aśōkastāraṇastāraḥ śūraḥ śaurirjaneśvaraḥ |
anukūlaḥ śatāvartaḥ padmī padmanibhekṣaṇaḥ || 37 ||
- Aśokaḥ: One without the six defects - sorrow, infatuation, hunger, thirst, birth and death.
- Tāraṇaḥ: One who uplifts beings from the ocean of samsara.
- Tāraḥ: One who liberates beings from the fear of residence in the womb, birth, old age, death etc.
- Śūraḥ: One of great prowess, that is, who fulfils the four supreme satisfactions of life – Dharma, Artha, Kama and Moksha.
- Śauriḥ: One who as Krishna as the son of Sura, that is Vasudeva.
- Janeśvaraḥ: The Lord of all beings.
- Anukūlaḥ: One who, being the Atman of all beings, is favorable to all, for no one will act against oneself.
- Śatāvartaḥ: One who has had several Avataras or incarnations.
- Padmī: One having Padma or lotus in his hands.
- Padma-nibhekṣaṇaḥ: One with eyes resembling lotus.
padmanābhōravindākṣaḥ padmagarbhaḥ śarīrabhṛt |
maharddhir ṛddhō vṛddhātmā mahākṣō garuḍadhvajaḥ || 38 ||
- Padma-nābhaḥ: One who resides in the Nabhi or the central part of the heart-lotus.
- Aravindākṣaḥ: One whose eyes resemble Aravinda or the Lotus.
- Padma-garbhaḥ: One who is fit to be worshipped in the middle of the heart-lotus.
- Śarīra-bhṛt: One who supports the bodies of beings, strengthening them in the form of Anna (Food) and Prana.
- Mahardhi: One who has enormous Ruddhi or prosperity.
- Ṛddhaḥ: One who is seen as standing in the form of the world.
- Vṛddhātmā: One whose Atma or body is Vruddha or ancient.
- Mahākṣaḥ: One who has got two or many glorious eyes.
- Garuḍa-dhvajaḥ: One who has got Garuda as his flag.
atulaḥ śarabhō bhīmaḥ samayajñō havirhariḥ |
sarvalakṣaṇalakṣaṇyō lakṣmīvān samitiñjayaḥ || 39 ||
- Atulaḥ: One who cannot be compared to anything else.
- Śarabhaḥ: The body is called 'Sara' as it is perishable.
- Bhīmaḥ: One of whom everyone is afraid.
- Samayajñaḥ: One who knows the time for creation, sustentation and dissolution.
- Havir-hariḥ: One who takes the portion of offerings (Havis) in Yajnas.
- Sarva-lakṣaṇa-lakṣaṇyaḥ: The supreme knowledge obtained through all criteria of knowledge i.e. Paramatma.
- Lakṣmīvān: One on whose chest the Goddess Lakshmi is always residing.
- Samitiñjayaḥ: One who is vicotious in Samiti or war.
vikṣarō rōhitō mārgō heturdamodarassahaḥ |
mahīdharō mahābhāgō vegavānamitāśanaḥ || 40 ||
- Vikṣaraḥ: One who is without Kshara or desruction.
- Rōhitaḥ: One who assumed the form of a kind of fish called Rohita.
- Mārgaḥ: One who is sought after by persons seeking Moksha or Liberation.
- Hetuḥ: One who is both the instrumental and the material cause of the universe.
- Damodaraḥ: One who has very benevolent mind because of disciplines like self-control.
- Sahaḥ: One who subordinates everything.
- Mahīdharaḥ: One who props up the earth in the form of mountain.
- Mahābhāgaḥ: He who, taking a body by His own will, enjoys supreme felicities.
- Vegavān: One of tremendous speed.
- Amitāśanaḥ: He who consumes all the worlds at the time of Dissolution.